Cannabis plants contain naturally occurring compounds called cannabinoids. CBD, which is short for cannabidiol is one of the many cannabinoids found in hemp and marijuana plants.
CBD can be extracted from hemp by CO2 or ethanol extraction. TheCBDistillery uses CO2 extraction to extract CBD oil since CO2 extraction is a purer form of extraction that filters the hemp plants with controlled temperature and pressure.
Ethanol and C02 extraction are two commonly used methods for extracting CBD and are two of the cleanest ways to extract CBD for human consumption.
CO2 extraction, a popular extraction method typically used when extracting smaller quantities of hemp, involves filtering plants through a series of chambers that control temperature and pressure. When different temperatures and units of pressure are applied to cannabis plants, this sophisticated system is able to isolate cannabinoids at a 90% efficiency.
An alternative method is ethanol extraction process which involves introducing the solvent ethanol to the hemp plant in order extract cannabinoids.
Ethanol also removes unwanted components such as chlorophyll from dried hemp when performed at very cold temperatures.
Once extracted, hemp undergoes an additional step known as chromatography, a mechanism used to remove unwanted plant phytochemicals from the extracted oil. Cannabinoids like CBD have a strong interaction with chromatography media, thus traveling slower than unwanted plant material like chlorophyll which has a weak interaction. Once divided, cannabidiol and other terpenes can be isolated and undesirable plant material can be disposed of.
Many CBD oil products also undergo what is known as decarboxylation. This involves heating the cannabinoids into a form that allows the cannabinoids to immediately interact with the endocannabinoid system making the compound more usable throughout the body. When oil extraction is decarboxylated it is converted from CBDA to CBD, thus removing the acid form so it’s readily bioavailable.
Once decarboxylated, the CBD hemp oil can be consumed directly, however it may not have a favorable taste. Instead, this oil can be mixed with a carrying oil such as hemp seed oil or coconut oil, turned into CBD capsules